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"Wavescan" is a weekly program for long distance radio hobbyists produced by Dr. Adrian M. Peterson, Coordinator of International Relations for Adventist World Radio. AWR carries the program over many of its stations (including shortwave). Adrian Peterson is a highly regarded DXer and radio historian, and often includes features on radio history in his program. We are reproducing those features below, with Dr. Peterson's permission and assistance.


Wavescan 441, June 15, 2003

The Story of the American Shortwave Station WINB
        
This is now the second week that Wavescan is on the air from station WINB in Red Lion Pennsylvania, and, as promised, here is our Station Profile on their station.  This is the interesting story of the long-time shortwave station WINB.

It was back more than half a century ago that Rev. John Norris Sr. inaugurated his mediumwave station, WGCB, in a rolling country area 2.5 miles east of the small town Red Lion in Pennsylvania.  Ten years later he inaugurated an FM station with the same callsign, and he was also granted a Construction Permit for a shortwave station with the callsign WINB.  At the time, the letters WINB stood for "World in Need of the Bible," though these days their QSL card shows that the letters stand for "World Inter National Broadcasters."

It took two years to put this new shortwave station on the air and it was inaugurated in October 1962.  The original transmitter is a Continental 50 kw. unit, the antenna is a three wire rhombic beamed towards Europe, and the facility was installed into a unique old building that was previously in use on a chicken farm.  Contemporary radio magazines at the time indicate that the new station was quite quickly heard in Europe, Africa, Australia and New Zealand, as well as, of course, in the United States itself. 

Ten years later, another 50 kw. transmitter was procured, a used General Electric unit from mediumwave station WGY in Schenectady, New York.  It was originally intended that this additional transmitter would be converted for shortwave usage, though this project has never been implemented.  However, around the same time, an additional rhombic antenna was installed for coverage into Latin America.

In 1995, the original transmitter malfunctioned and the station was off the air while this unit was rebuilt.  The station again became fully functional in January 1997.  Radio station WINB in Red Lion, Pennsylvania is now the oldest commercial shortwave station on the air in the United States, with its more than 40 years of service.

At the time when this station was inaugurated, the shortwave scene in the United States was very different.  For example, the Voice of America was on the air from seven different locations, only one of which is still on the air today.  These old VOA stations were:  KCBR and KNBH in California; WGEO and WDSI in New York; WBOU and WDSI in New Jersey; and WLWO in Ohio.

The modern counterpart of station KCBR in Delano, California is the only VOA station still on the air today.

At that time, there were just two other commercial stations on the air in the United States, and these were KGEI in San Francisco California, and WRUL in Scituate, Massachusetts.  Both of these stations were subsequently closed, though the Family Radio station WYFR in Okeechobee Florida is a direct descendant of the original WRUL.

Over the years, station WINB has proven to be a reliable verifier and they have used at least four different QSL cards.  These could be described as follows:  black and white card with text only, color card showing antenna and microphone, color card with text only, and the current large card showing the American flag.